The languages of Afghanistan
Posted on July 20, 2012 by Chris
The Country of Afghanistan has a population of approximately 29 million people. Its capital city is Kabul with a population of around 3.5 million people.
In Afghanistan there are mainly 8 ethnic groups Pashtun 42%,Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, others 4%. The main languages spoken in the country are Afghan Persian or Dari which is the official language spoken by around 50% of the population. Pashto is also one of the official languages but only spoken by around 35% of the population. Turkic languages which are primarily Uzbek and Turkmen which equates to about 11% of the population and then there are around 30 minor languages Balochi and Pashai which is spoken by the other 4% of the population. With such a diverse range of languages there is much bilingualism.
Persian (Farsi) has the longest recorded history of any of the Iranian Languages it almost equals a time span of the Greek language. Persian (Farsi) is the national language of Iran and in the form of Tajik in Tajikistan; and in the form of Dari it is one of the national languages of Afghanistan.
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